Theme: Producing Sustainable thoughts to bolster the Future

Food Security 2017
Past Report of Food Security 2016

Food Security 2017

Conference Series LLC with immense pleasure invites all the contributors across the globe to the 2nd   Global Food Security and Sustainability (Food Security 2017) during June 26-28, 2017 at San Diego, USA which includes prompt keynote presentations, Oral talks, Poster presentations and Exhibitions.

Conference Series LLC organizes 1000+ scientific events inclusive of 600+ Conferences, 500+ Workshops and 200+ Symposiums on various topics of Science & Technology across the globe with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 500+ Open Access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Food security is often defined in terms of food availability, food access and food utilization. Global agriculture currently produces ample calories and nutrients to provide the entire world's people healthy and productive lives". However, food is not distributed equally to regions, countries, households and individuals. Improved access to food-through increased agricultural productivity and incomes-is essential to meet the food needs of the world's growing population. Successful food security and poverty-oriented programmes not only assist poor rural populations to produce more and diversified products but to produce a surplus that can be marketed and thereby generate income for the purposes of improving quality of life through improved diet and nutrition, investment in productive activity, and as collateral for credit to purchase inputs and/or other supplies to enhance agricultural or non-agricultural enterprise. Agricultural economists have maintained that greater concentration on small farmers leads to faster growth rates of both aggregate economic output and employment .Other analysts argue that production-focused service delivery directed solely at the poor as producers in isolated areas will yield low and probably diminishing returns.

San Diego is a major city in California, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California. San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest in California With an estimated population of 1,394,928 as of July 1, 2015, San Diego is the birthplace of California and is known for its mild year-round climate, natural deep-water harbour, extensive beaches, long association with the United States Navy and recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology development center. The city is the seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the region.

Join us at Global Food Security conference for “Generating Sustainable Ideas to Feed the Future”. This event has been designed to address scientists, scholars, and different societies supporting food security, Industries and other related scientific communities with different levels of awareness, expertise and proactive solutions to create global impact in this field. Moreover, it will help industrialists to incorporate sustainability into every aspect of Agricultural Industries business model. The Food Security conference will influence industries to maximize their yield and profit through the application of strategic techniques. Additionally, it will reveal the best techniques to promote sustainable agricultural development and achieve a hunger free world by 2050.

We look forward to an exciting scientific event in the beautiful city of San Diego, USA.

 

2nd International conference on Global Food Security and Sustainability Conference (2nd Food Security) will be held during June 26 - 28, 2016 at San Diego, USA. Food security is often defined in terms of food availability, food access and food utilization Successful food security and poverty-oriented programmes not only assist poor rural populations to produce more and diversified products but to produce a surplus that can be marketed and thereby generate income for the purposes of improving quality of life through improved diet and nutrition, investment in productive activity, and as collateral for credit to purchase inputs and/or other supplies to enhance agricultural or non-agricultural enterprise.

 

Track 1: Global Food Security

 

Attiring global food security and restoring demands on the environment is the greatest challenge faced by mankind. By the time 2050 at least nine Billion people need food, and increasing incomes and urbanization will inevitably lead to dietary revamp. The food security competitiveness will increasingly fringe the triple burden of malnutrition– undernutrition, obesity and deficiencies in micronutrient. The importance of the food security issues has led to huge scientific strides which forwards and making it difficult to keep up with the rapidly expanding value of scientific research and technology. Policies to implement global and local food security  needs to be actualize  and decision makers should have to make difficult choices to ameliorate the food security of local people against the limelight of drastic global changes. 

 

Track 2: Science, Sociology and Economics

 

One by fourth of the people on globe are “food insecure”, means these individuals do not know where their next meal will coming from. As the world population increases to 9 Billion by 2050, it will require a 70% increase in local food production to feed everyone. It is thus challenge to big league companies to collaborate with farmers and communities to convalesce local food security. Food Security is a complex issue that encloses more than just food production although there is no doubt the cornerstone. Thus social and economic sciences must provide an interdisciplinary basis along with the natural sciences (biology, chemistry, food science maths and physics). Regional conditions need to be taken into consideration like weather changes, Elevation, length of the day and soil difference all need to be considered to arrive the best solution for particular area. Such efforts will determine which type of seeds to plant and by improving agricultural practices based on the local environment can help to achieve a positive impact on yield. High yield hybrid seeds can help farmers improve their productivity.

Track 3: Aquaculture in Food Security

 

Fish contributes to the national food self-sufficiency through direct consumption and through trade and exports. Therefore, more attention should be given in production of Aquaculture  to secure.  In traditional fish eating countries in Asian and Oceania, per capita consumption are more than 25 kg. In some island countries in the Pacific the per capita consumption are more 50 kg per year or even as high as 190 kg as is the case in Maldives. The extreme importance of aqua to food security and nutrition may be illustrated by assessments on the situation in Africa. FAO estimates that fish produce 22 percent of the protein intake in sub-Saharan Africa. This share, however, can exceed 50 percent in poorest countries. Aquaculture can be  benefit the livelihoods of the poor either through an improved food supply and/or through employment and increased income and there is a sure benefit of consuming fish,  that is the nutritional and health benefit to be gained from its nutritional content. Food fish has a nutrient profile superior to all terrestrial meats. It is excellent source of high quality animal protein and highly digestible energy, In fact, if there is a single food content that could be used to address all the different aspects of world malnutrition, it is fish - the staple animal protein source of traditional fishers.

Track 4: Environmental Change and Food Security in China

 

Climate change affects agriculture and food production in complex ways. It affects food production directly through changes in agro-ecological conditions and indirectly by affecting growth and distribution of incomes, amoderate incremental warming in some humid and temperate grasslands may increase pasture productivity and reduce the need for housing and for compound feed. These gains have to increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations. Finally, a number of recent studies h be set against an increased frequency of extreme events. Another important change for agriculture is tave estimated the likely changes in land suitability, potential yields, and agricultural production on the current suite of crops and cultivars available today. Global and regional weather conditions are also expected to become more variable than at present, with increases in the frequency and severity of extreme events such as cyclones, floods, hailstorms, and droughts. The main concern about climate change and food security is that changing climatic conditions can initiate a vicious circle where infectious disease causes or compounds hunger, which, in turn, makes the affected populations more susceptible to infectious disease. Essentially all manifestations of climate change, be they drought, higher temperatures, or heavy rainfalls have an impact on the disease pressure, and there is growing evidence that these changes affect food safety and food security.

Track 5: Hybridization and Its Effect 

 

In agriculture and animal husbandry, the Green Revolution popularized the use of conventional hybridization to increase yield by creating "high-yielding varieties" for example hybrid rice. The handful of hybridized breeds originated in developed countries and were further hybridized with local varieties in the rest of the developing world to create high yield strains resistant to local climate and diseases.. According to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), genetically engineered crops were grown by approximately 8.5 million farmers in 21 countries in 2005; up from 8.25 million farmers in 17 countries in 2004.The main objective of research and development for food security is to find improved seed varieties, that enable reliable high yields at the same or lower tillage costs through qualities such as resistance to or tolerance of plant diseases and animal pests as well as to stress factors such as climatic variation or aridity, poor soil qualitycrop rotation practices, and others. Equally important objectives are the transfer of genes with nitrogen-fixing capacity on to grains, and the improvement of food quality by overcoming vitamin or mineral deficiencies. The realization of these objectives will bring tremendous benefits – benefits that can easily be demonstrated using rice (the staple food for 2.4 billion people) and cassava (the staple food for 500 million people)

Track 6: Sustainable Food Production Systems

 

In an era of scarcity it is becoming increasingly important to address production and consumption jointly because of the linkages between the two. The transition to a more sustainable food chain cannot be met by concentrating on approaches aiming only at productivity increases - the possibilities of sufficiency oriented research have to be explored as well. There should be open opportunities for transition to sustainable and equitable food systems through a systemic approach founded on a better understanding of socio-ecological systems. So far the focus of research and policy has been on the supply-side by providing technological innovations, however social innovations in the domain of production are as important as technological ones. It is equally important to address demand-side issues, and to reduce the present unsustainable levels of consumption. Therefore, research on behavioural or structural changes in food systems, food processing and supply chains should be given a higher priority.

Track 7: Urbanization and Food value chains 

 

As cities expand, so do the food needs of urban families. The situation of the urban poor is precarious in the present condition of volatile food prices and the financial, fuel and economic crises. The urban poor, often located in the most vulnerable parts of cities and lacking the capacity to adapt to climate-related impacts, will be hit hardest. The challenges associated with supporting the urban poor demand urgent and adequate responses from city and national authorities and international organisations. Urban policies need to incorporate food security considerations and focus more on building cities that are more resilient to crises. Metropolitan, municipal and other local government institutions can play a proactive and coordinating role in enhancing urban food security. Developing local value chains for food and nutrition security is an important task. It focuses efforts on strengthening capacities of local food producers and business to supply more food to domestic and tourist markets to meet demands for a balanced and nutritious diet and to reduce food and feed imports.  

Track 8: Consumer Behaviour, and Nutritional Security 

 

Food security is presently being undermined by a number of challenges such as rapidly growing demand and changes in consumption patterns. The 2007–2008 world food crisis tested the resilience of the global food system and revealed deficiencies in its capacity to efficiently adjust to and absorb shocks that show many signs of growing in the future. If consumers actually do modify their food preferences, the factors that push consumers towards this modification, how consumers overcome this changing vulnerability, if this vulnerability exposes these households to food insecurity and finally to explore adaptation strategies at both individual, household and societal levels. On the other hand Food and nutrition security is about ensuring that everybody is able to access sufficient, affordable and nutritious food. Therefore to build resilience to food crises and help countries ensure that no one is left hungry. In particular, fighting under-nutrition is vital to give the world's poorest children a chance to lead healthier lives, learn better and improve their future income opportunities.

Track 9: Trade Liberalization 

 

Trade Liberalization is the removal or reduction of restrictions or barriers on the free exchange of goods between nations. This includes the removal or reduction of both tariff  and non-tariff obstacles (like licensing rules, quotas and other requirements). The easing or eradication of these restrictions is often referred to as promoting "free trade." Policies for liberalization in trade that make an economy open to trade and investment with the rest of the world are needed for sustained economic growth. The evidence on this is clear. No country in recent decades has achieved economic success, in terms of substantial increases in living standards for its people, without being open to the rest of the world. In contrast, trade opening (along with opening to foreign direct investment) has been an important element in the economic success of East Asia, where the average import tariff has fallen from 30 percent to 10 percent over the past 20 years. The best approach would be to identify the major sources of income of the poor and ask how liberalization would impact these sources. For a large chunk of the poor population, the principal source of income is labour, and technology the question is how liberalization will impact the real wage. Some of the poor may own small amounts of land, and thus earn a part of their income from producing and selling agricultural products. In this case, how the profitability of what they produce is impacted must be taken into account.

Track 10: Biofuels :Importance in Food Security

 

Next Generation Biofuel demand is increasing because of a combination of growing energy needs; rising oil costs; the pursuit of clean, renewable sources of energy; and the desire to boost farm incomes in developed countries. In turn, the need for crops-such as maize and sugarcane-to be used as feedstocks for biofuels has increased dramatically. That demand has had a significant and increasing impact on global food systems. The effects of growing biofuel demand are interwoven with tightening grain markets, which reflect demographic shifts and improved diets. In developing countries, as populations grow and incomes rise, diet preferences are shifting from staple crops to higher-value products like meat and dairy. As a result, the demand for grain-and protein-based animal feed is soaring and competing with food needs. These changes have led to increasing pressures on global agricultural markets and higher food costs. Poor people in both rural and urban areas are disproportionately vulnerable to these forces because they spend a large share of their incomes on food. Biofuels subsidies in developed countries tend to drive up food prices, thus reducing consumption and nutritional well-being for net buyers.

Track 11: Genetically Modified Crops : Solution to Global Food Security

 

The introduction of the first transgenic plant 30 years ago heralded the start of a second green revolution, providing food to the starving, profits to farmers and environmental benefits to boot. Many GM crops fulfilled the promise. But their success has been mired in controversy with many questioning their safety, their profitability and their green credentials. They are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering techniques. In most cases the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species. Examples in food crops include resistance to certain pests, diseases, or environmental conditions, reduction of spoilage, or resistance to chemical treatments or improving the nutrient profile of the crop. Examples in non-food crops include production of pharmaceutical agents, biofuels, and other industrially useful goods, as well as for bioremediation. Farmers have widely adopted GM technology. Between 1996 and 2013, the total surface area of land cultivated with GM crops increased by a factor of 100, from 17,000 square kilometers ( to 1,750,000 square kms. 10% of the world's croplands were planted with GM crops in 2010. In the US, by 2014, 94% of the planted area of soybeans, 96% of cotton and 93% of corn were genetically modified varieties.In recent years commercialization of GM crops expanded rapidly in developing countries. In 2013 approximately 18 million farmers grew 54% of worldwide GM crops in developing countries.

Track 12: Entrepreneurs Investment Meet

 

In support of sustainable entrepreneurship goals, business ideas can address improvements to the enabling environment, for example legislative and regulatory improvements, or tackle supply chain related infrastructure constraints. Proposals in Food Security 2016 can also focus on improving access to finance, capacity building through enhanced knowledge and skills, and enable greater access to markets.

From a food security perspective, business ideas should identify ways to sustainably increase food production, enable greater access to healthy food, ensure markets function more efficiently and generate improvements in the overall business climate.

 

 

 

 

Food Security 2016

Conference Series LLC successfully hosted its Global Food Security and Sustainability Conference at Double Tree by Hilton, Beijing, China during September 05-07, 2016. The conference was organized with a focus on “Generating Sustainable Ideas to Feed the Future” and it was a great success where eminent Keynote Speakers from various reputed organizations made their resplendent presence and addressed the gathering.

Food Security -2016 was marked by the attendance of Editorial Board Members of supported Journals like Journal of  Food Processing & Technology, Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Journal of Nutrition & Disorders  the attendance of Scientists, Young Researchers, Business Delegates and talented Student Communities representing different countries, Who all made this conference fruitful and productive for the scientific community.  

Food Security-2016 would like to convey a warm gratitude to all the Keynote Speakers:

·    Huada Daniel Ruan, BNU-HKBU United International College (UIC), China    

·    Gamal Fouad Mohamed, National Research Centre, Egypt

 

Conference Series LLC congratulates all the speakers for their outstanding performance in the field of Food Science & Food Security  and appreciates all the participants who put their efforts in  presentations and sincerely wishes them success in future endeavours.

As a part of the conference Gamal Fouad Mohamed, National Research Centre, Egypt, conducted a Workshop on “Innovations in Food Processing and preservation techniques”, in connection with this conference.

We extend our heartiest thanks to the Organizing Committee Member Dr. Huada Daniel Ruan, BNU-HKBU United International College (UIC), China   for his kind support rendered towards the success of Food Security-2016. At the same time we take the opportunity to thank all the speakers, delegates and participants for providing their valuable contribution and time for Food Security-2016.

Food Security-2016 also comprised of International Pre-conference Workshops as mentioned below:

Pre-conference workshop on “Theory, Practice and Prospect of the High-value Ecological Agriculture in Red Soil Region” during December 24-25, 2015 at Nanchang, Jiangxi Procvince, China under the supervision of Dr. Bo SUN (Institute of Soil Science , Chinese Academy of Sciences), China.

We extend our special thanks to  our Conference Chair Dr. Gamal Fouad Mohamed, National Research Centre, Egypt, and Conference Co-Chair Dr. Francesca Hansstein Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, China, for their remarkable contribution towards the smooth functioning of Food Security-2016. We are obliged to the various institutes and other eminent personalities who actively took part in the discussion and meetings.

Food Security -2016 Organizing Committee would like to thank the Moderator of the conference, Dr. Ofira Ayalon, The University of Haifa, Israel, who contributed a lot for the smooth functioning of this event.

 

Our special gratitude extends to our Add Sponsor VegFund, USA.

We extend our special thanks to the Dr. Gamal Fouad Mohamed and  Huada Daniel Ruan,   for their support in accomplishing this event successfully.

With the encouragement from the enormous feedback from the participants and supporters of Food Security -2016, Conference Series LLC is glad to announce 2nd International conference on Global Food Security and Sustainability (Food Security 2017) during June 26- 28, 2017 in San Diego, USA.

Let us meet again @ Food Security -2017


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